Ford 3.5L EcoBoost V-6

Twin Turbocharged 3.5L EcoBoost Specs

The 3.5L EcoBoost V-6 was first introduced to the F-150 lineup for the 2011 model year. At the time of its inception, there was much skepticism regarding Ford's efforts to market the 213 cid V-6 as the backbone of the best selling F-150; the engine continues to carry the model lines highest towing capacity. All things considered, the EcoBoost has been a tremendous success for Ford Motor Company and the engine's performance characteristics exceed that of even most competitor's V-8 engines. Twin parallel mounted turbochargers are employed to compensate for the engine's relatively small displacement, which provide on-demand power as needed, but without compromising fuel economy under less demanding conditions. Ford boasts that the engine maintains 90% of peak torque from 1,700 to 5,000 rpm, an attribute that no competing manufacturer can claim.

While Ford recommends the use of premium 91 octane gasoline to maximize performance, the engine is entirely compatible to run on regular 87 octane fuel despite its relatively high compression ratio. This is made possible by a direct injection system, which eliminates the risk of detonation by injecting fuel directly into the compression chamber at the moment that combustion is desired. For the revised 2017 EcoBoost, both multi-port and direct injection types are utilized but the fuel requirements remain unchanged.

The EcoBoost's key design principle is its forced induction, allowing the relatively small engine to exhibit performance characteristics meeting or exceeding that of a much higher displacement engine. When there is a need for power, such as heavy acceleration or towing, the turbocharger's extra airflow compensates for the EcoBoost's displacement handicap. Under lighter loads, fuel economy is maximized while the turbochargers produce little to negligible boost. As a result of 3.5L EcoBoost's success, Ford introduced an even smaller 2.7L EcoBoost capable of greater fuel economy for the 2015 model year.

 

3.5L EcoBoost V-6 Specs

Engine:

Ford 3.5L EcoBoost V-6

Engine Family:

Ford EcoBoost

Applications:

2011 - current Ford F-150

Configuration:

60° V-6

Displacement:

213 cid, 3.5 liters

Firing Order:

1-4-2-5-3-6

Engine Block Material:

Aluminum

Cylinder Head Material:

Aluminum

Cylinder Bore:

3.64" (92.5 mm)

Cylinder Stroke:

3.41" (86.6 mm)

Compression Ratio:

10.0 : 1 (2011 - 2016 MY)
10.5 : 1 (2017 MY)

Aspiration:

Twin parallel mounted turbochargers, (Borg Warner K03 for truck version, Garrett GT15 for other applications)

Valvetrain:

Dual overhead cam (DOHC), Direct Acting Mechanical Buckets (DAMB)

Ignition:

Coil-on-plug

Fuel System:

High pressure direct injection, fuel pressures ranging from 200 - 2150 psi. Sequential multi-port and direct fuel injection utilized for 2017 MY engine. Requires minimum 87 octane fuel.

Engine Oil Capacity:

6 quart w/ filter all model years

Peak Horsepower:

365 hp @ 5,000 rpm (2011 - 2016 MY F-150)
375 hp @ 5,000 rpm (2017 MY F-150)
450 hp @ 5,000 rpm (H.O. 2nd Gen Raptor only)

Peak Torque:

420 lb-ft @ 2,500 rpm (2011 - 2016 MY F-150)
470 lb-ft @ 2,500 rpm (2017 MY F-150)
510 lb-ft @ 3,500 rpm (H.O. 2nd Gen Raptor only)

Rated Fuel Economy:

4x2 F-150 models

up to 17 city, 24 highway, 20 combined mpg (2016)
up to 18 city, 25 highway, 21 combined mpg (2017)

4x4 F-150 models

up to 16 city, 22 highway, 18 combined mpg (2016)
up to 17 city, 23 highway, 20 combined mpg (2017)

*F-150 pickup models only

 

2017 Model Year EcoBoost Changes, Upgrades, & Improvements

For the 2017 model year, a more powerful 3.5L EcoBoost was introduced to the F-150 lineup. The engine, which underwent a number of changes and upgrades, produces a peak 375 horsepower @ 5,000 rpm and 470 lb-ft @ 2,500 rpm. In addition to engine's significant performance growth, the EcoBoost equipped F-150's fuel economy ratings were increased across the board. A high output version producing 450 horsepower and 510 lb-ft of torque is available exclusively in the 2nd Generation Ford Raptor.

• Start-stop technology becomes standard on all 3.5L EcoBoost engines. The start-stop system deactivates when Tow/Haul function or 4 wheel drive is in use.

• New turbocharger with low mass, turbine wheel constructed from MAR-M-247 super alloy designed to significantly reduce turbocharger lag. Turbochargers use electrically actuated wastegates.

• 4 cores removed from each camshaft, reducing rotating assembly weight.

• 10R80 ten speed automatic transmission introduced exclusively to 3.5L EcoBoost powered F-150 and Raptor.

• High output 3.5L EcoBoost standard for F-150 Raptor model line.

• Sound deadening engine cover introduced.

• Direct and multi-port fuel injection utilized - previous engine featured direct injection only.

• Compression ratio increased from 10.0 : 1 to 10.5 : 1.

3.5L EcoBoost F-150 Maintenance Schedule

Service Procedure

Normal Service Interval*

Special Service Interval**

Notes

Replace engine air filter

Every 30,000 miles or as required

Every 30,000 miles or as required, inspect frequently

Motorcraft FA-1883

Replace engine oil & filter

As indicated by Intelligent oil life monitor via message center, not to exceed 10,000 miles or 1 year

As indicated by Intelligent oil life monitor via message center, 3,000 to 7,500 mile interval or 1 year, depending on conditions

Motorcraft FL-500-S filter, recommended SAE 5W-30 full synthetic motor oil, 6 qt capacity w/ filter change

Replace fuel filter

Equipped with lifetime filter, replacement not required

Equipped with lifetime filter, replacement not required

N/A

Replace accessory drive belt

Every 150,000 miles

N/A

Inspect frequently, replace as necessary

Replace engine spark plugs

Every 100,000 miles

Every 60,000 miles

Motorcraft SP-534 iridium spark plugs

Replace transmission fluid & filter

Every 150,000 miles

N/A

6R80 automatic transmission - MERCON LV ATF, 13.1 qt total capacity

10R80 automatic transmission - MERCON ULV, 13.1 qt total capacity

Replace engine coolant

Initial change at 100,000 miles/6 years, followed by subsequent replacement every 50,000 miles/3 years

N/A

Motorcraft Specialty Orange engine coolant, VC-3-B (concentrate), VC-3DIL-B (pre-diluted)

50/50 engine coolant-distilled water mixture, do not mix coolant types, 16.5 qt capacity (2011 - 2016 MY), 15.6 qt capacity (2017 MY)

Replace rear axle fluid

Every 150,000 miles

N/A

SAE 75W-140, 2.75 qt (2011 - 2016 MY)
SAE 75W-85, 2.75 qt (2017 MY)

Replace front axle fluid

Every 150,000 miles

N/A

SAE 80W-90, 1.5 qt (2011 - 2016 MY)
SAE 75W-85, 1.5 qt (2017 MY)

Replace transfer case fluid

Every 150,000 miles

Every 60,000 miles

Motorcraft XL-12 transfer case fluid, 1.6 qt (2011 - 2016 MY)
Motorcraft MERCON LV ATF, 1.5 qt (2017 MY)

* Service interval under normal driving conditions. Intervals do not apply to EcoBoost equipped F-150 Raptor.
** Service interval under special/severe driving conditions, including towing, periods of excessive idling, and operating in extreme hot, extreme cold, or dusty environments. Intervals do not apply to EcoBoost equipped F-150 Raptor.